SOME PHENOMENOLOGICAL IDEAS IN MONGOLIAN BUDDHISM
D.Dashpurev, Dr/Sc.D/, Prof
Abstract: Siddhartha Gautama formed Buddhism in India in the 5th century BC /563-483BC/. His main idea was salvation of human life from the suffering through enlightenment holistic meditation. This enlightenment and psychological Buddhist meditation can to help everyone following Buddhist philosophical teachings about the meaning of human life.
During several hundred years Buddhism slowly changed and had been separated into different philosophical schools, religious tendencies as well as the following:
As a religion, Buddhism has two kinds of tendency: Theravada or Hinayana (its other name is the small or lesser vehicle), and Mahayana (the other name being the large or greater vehicle). Generally, Buddhism has four philosophical schools such as Vashasika, Sautrantika, Yogcara and Madhyamaka.